Diseases
A - H

A-H | I-Z

Abasia inability to walk or stand, caused by hysteria
Ablepsia blindness
Ablepsy blindness
Abscess localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined spaces of the body, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation and frequently caused by bacteria
Accouchment childbirth, the period after childbirth
Acute (adj.) disease of sudden onset, severe, not chronic
Acute Mania severe insanity
Addison's Disease destructive disease marked by weakness, loss of weight, low blood pressure, gastrointestinal disturbances, and brownish pigmentation of the skin and mucous membranes
Aegrotantem sickness, illness.
Aegrotat is sick from
Ague used to define the recurring fever & chills of malarial infection
Ague Cake hard tumor or swelling on the left side of the abdomen, lower than the false rib, resulting from enlargement of the spleen, resulting from the action of malaria on the system
American Plague Yellow fever
Anasarca generalized massive edema
Anchylosis abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint by fusion of the bones
Ankylosis abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint by fusion of the bones
Ancome Ulcerous swelling, also called Whitlow
Angina pain in chest brought on by exertion; intense constricting pain especially of the throat, can lead to suffocation; aka quinsy
Aphonia laryngitis
Aphtha infant disease "thrush"
Aphthous Stomatitis see "canker"
Apoplexy paralysis due to stroke
Aqlotition inability to swallow, frequently found on death certificates
Ascites see "dropsy"
Asphycsia cyanotic; lack of oxygen
Aphicsia cyanotic; lack of oxygen
Asphyxia cyanotic; lack of oxygen
Asthenia see "debility"
Atrophy wasting away or diminishing in size
Bad Blood Syphilis
Barrel Fever sickness produced by immoderate drinking
Biliouness jaundice or other symptoms associated with liver disease
Bilious Fever typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
Black Death typhus; Bubonic Plague
Black Fever acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions - high mortality rate
Black Jaundice caused by a micro-organism (bacterial infection of the liver) - not a virus, common in northeast England near mines, farms and sewage, carried by rats and secreted in their urine; aka Wiel's Disease
Wiel's Disease caused by a micro-organism (bacterial infection of the liver) - not a virus, common in northeast England near mines, farms and sewage, carried by rats and secreted in their urine; aka Wiel's Disease
Black Lung disease from breathing coal dust, typical of coal miners' death certificates
Black Plague bubonic plague
Black Pox black small pox
Black Vomit vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater Fever dark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder in Throat diphtheria (Seen on death certificates)
Blood Poisoning bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody Flux bloody stools
Bloody Sweat sweating sickness
Boil abscess of skin or painful inflammation of the skin or a hair follicle usually caused by a staphylococcal infection; aka furuncle.
Bone Shave sciatica
Brain Fever meningitis
Breakbone dengue fever
Bright's Disease catch-all for kidney diseases/disorders; aka glomerulonephritis
Bronchial asthma disorder of breathing, characterized by spasm of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing air outward--often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of tightness in the chest
Bronze John yellow fever
Brucellosis bacterial disease, especially of cattle, causing undulant fever in humans
Bule boil, tumor or swelling
Cachexia malnutrition
Cacogastric upset stomach
Cacospysy irregular pulse
Caduceus subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp Fever typhus; aka Camp diarrhea
Cancer malignant and invasive growth or tumor, tending to recur after excision and to spread to other sites; aka malignant growth, carcinoma.
Cancrum otis severe eroding ulcer of the cheek and lip; aka: canker, water canker, noma, gangrenous stomatitis, gangrenous ulceration of the mouth
Canine Madness rabies, hydrophobia
Canker ulceration of mouth or lips; herpes simplex; aka aphthous stomatitis, cancrum otis
Canker Rash scarlet fever; aka scarlatina
Carditis inflammation of the heart wall
Catalepsy condition which causes seizures, trances or unconsciousness
Catarrh inflammation of a mucous membrane with a free discharge; aka cold, coryza
Catarrh, Bronchial bronchitis
Catarrh, Suffocative croup
Catarrh, Urethral gleet
Catarrh, Vaginal leukorrhea
Catarrh, Epidemic influenza
Catarrhal nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis inflammation of cerebrum; lead poisoning
Chilblain swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Childbed Fever infection following birth of a child
Childbed childbirth.
Childbirth cause given for many female deaths although infection and lack of medical skill were often the actual causes of death
Chin Cough whooping cough
Chlorosis iron deficiency anemia; condition of pale or greenish skin, weakness, & dyspepsia; aka leukemia, green sickness
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis gall stones
Cholera acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera Infantum common, non-contagious diarrhea of young children, occurring in summer or autumn; aka summer complaint, weaning brash, water gripes, choleric fever of children, cholera morbus
Cholera Morbus nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc; aka appendicitis
Cholera acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Chorea any of several diseases of the nervous system characterized by jerky movements that appear to be well coordinated but are performed involuntarily, chiefly of the face and extremities; convulsions, contortions and dancing. aka Saint Vitus' dance
Chronic persisting over a long period of time as opposed to acute or sudden
Cold Plague ague which is characterized by chills
Colic abdominal pain and cramping
Commotion concussion
Confinement the conclusion of pregnancy; labor and childbirth.
Congestion any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive Chills malaria with diarrhea
Congestive Fever malaria
Consumption tuberculosis; a wasting away of the body; aka marasmus (in the mid 19th century), phthisis
Convulsions severe contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head
Corruption infection
Coryza a cold; see catarrh
Costiveness constipation
Cramp Colic appendicitis
Cretinism congenital hypothyroidism
Crop Sickness overextended stomach
Croup hoarse, barking cough; aka laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat; aka roup, hives, choak, stuffing, rising of the lights
Cyanosis dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche diseases of throat
Cystitis inflammation of the bladder
Dancing Madness epidemic characterized by contortions, convulsions, and dancing; aka Saint Vitus' Dance; chorea
Day fever fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Death From "Teething" tooth infections with inflammation and cellulitis
Debility abnormal bodily weakness or feebleness; decay of strength; lack of movement or staying in bed; aka asthenia
Decrepitude feebleness due to old age
Delirium Tremens hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue infectious fever endemic to East Africa
Dentition cutting of teeth
Deplumation falling of eyelashes as result of disease; tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary Fever fever that lasts one day
Diphtheria contagious disease of the throat; aka membranous croup
Distemper usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia
Dock Fever yellow fever
Domestic Illness polite way of saying mental breakdown, depression, Alzheimers, Parkinsons, or the after effects of a stroke or any illness that kept a person housebound and probably in need of nursing support
Dropsy edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease; aka anasarca
Dropsy, Brain hydrocephalus; encephalitis
Dropsy, Abdominal ascites
Dropsy, Chest hydrothorax
Dropsy, Cardiac symptom of disease of the heart, congestive heart failure
Dry Bellyache lead poisoning
Dyscrasia abnormal body condition
Dyscrasy abnormal body condition
Dysentery inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dysorexy Reduced appetite
Dyspepsia indigestion and heartburn; heart attack symptoms
Dysuria difficulty in urination
Dysury difficulty in urination
Eclampsia symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor; form of toxemia accompanying pregnancy; aka dropsy
Eclampsy symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor; form of toxemia accompanying pregnancy; aka dropsy
Ecstasy form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
Edema nephrosis; swelling of tissues; aka dropsy
Edema, Lungs congestive heart failure; aka dropsy
Eel Thing erysipelas
Effluvia exhalations or emanations, applied especially to those of noxious character; aka vapors
Effluvia, Contagious rubeolar (measles)
Effluvia, Marsh miasmata
Elephantiasis gross enlargement of the body, especially the limbs; form of leprosy
Emphysema, Pulmonary chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs
Encephalitis swelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness
Enteric Fever typhoid fever
Enteritis inflammations of the bowels
Enterocolitis inflammation of the intestines
Epilepsy disorder of the nervous system, characterized either by mild, episodic loss of attention or sleepiness (petittnal) or by severe convulsions with loss of consciousness (grand mal); aka falling sickness, fits.
Epistaxis nose bleed
Erysipelas contagious skin disease with vesicular and bulbous lesions
Erysiphelas skin disease caused by strep infection, devastates the blood; aka Saint Anthony's Fire
Euphoria inappropriate affect - as in laughing when you shouldn't; aka shell shock, battle fatigue, post engagement stress syndrome)
Excrescence unnatural or disfiguring outgrowth of the skin
Extravasated Blood rupture of a blood vessel
Falling Sickness epilepsy
Fatty Liver cirrhosis of liver
Fits sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
Flux excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux of Humour circulation
French Pox venereal disease; syphilis
Furuncle boil
Galloping Consumption pulmonary tuberculosis
Gangrene death and decay of tissue in a part of the body, usually a limb, due to injury, disease, or failure of blood supply; aka mortification
Gathering collection of pus
Glandular Fever mononucleosis
Gleet catarrh
Glomerulonephritis childhood kidney disease that causes the kidney to leak protein; allergic reaction to certain kinds of strep infections; aka Protein Disease.
Goiter enlarged thyroid gland which affects body's metabolism
Goitre enlarged thyroid gland which affects body's metabolism
Gout any inflammation caused by the formation of crystals of oxalic acid when it accumulates in the body
Gravel multiple small calculi (stones or concretions of mineral salts) formed in the kidneys, passed along the ureters to the bladder, and expelled with the urine; aka kidney stone.
Grave's Disease thryotoxicosis; disorder of the thyroid gland
Great Pox syphilis
Green fever anemia; aka chlorosis
Green sickness anemia; aka chlorosis
Grippe influenza like symptoms
Grip influenza like symptoms
Grocer's Itch skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour
Hallucination delirium
Heart Sickness condition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat Stroke increased body temperature as a result of surrounding environmental temperature; coma and death result if not reversed
Hectic Fever daily recurring fever with profound sweating, chills, and flushed appearance-- often associated with pulmonary tuberculosis or septic poisoning
Hectical Complaint recurrent fever
Hematemesis vomiting blood
Hemathria discharge of bloody urine
Hematuria bloody urine
Hemiphlegy palsy or paralysis that affects one side of the body.
Hemiplegy paralysis of one side of body
Hip Gout osteomylitis
Hives eruption of weals on the skin with severe itching; aka cynanche trachealis
Horrors delirium tremens
Hospital Fever typhus
Humour blood
Hydrocephalus enlarged head; water on the brain
Hydropericardium heart dropsy
Hydrophobia rabies
Hydrothorax dropsy in chest
Hypertrophic enlargement of any structure, like a scar, muscle, or organ
Hysteria wild uncontrollable emotion, excitement, functional disturbance of the nervous system.

A-H | I-Z

 

 

 


2000-2016, Rhonda Stolte Darnell